At the turn of the 20th century, the Turkic-Muslim community of the Caucasus had not taken any direct part in political life. The intelligentsia as an entity of its own had to take over the leadership of the Muslim communities across the region. That was not because these communities were receptive of the intelligentsia’s ideas; rather, there was no other group to represent their leadership. None of the Turkic-Muslim community groups could nominate candidates for elections, organise rallies or write petitions.
Despite all efforts, the intelligentsia did not enjoy strong support from the population. The passive participation in socio-political aspects and indifference to any changes taking place in the Russian Empire was dominant in the daily life of the Turkic-Muslim communities in Caucasus. This was of deep concern to the intelligentsia.